Anyone who’s active will complain at any time with knee pain. Addressing the cause will ensure proper alignment is restored. Many reasons can cause knee pain. Weak Vastus medialis, restricted tight illiotibial band (ittb) and restrictions in the quadriceps. Trigger points in three of the four quadricep muscles can produce knee pain complaints.
Quadricep Muscles. The vastus medialis trigger points refer a toothache-like pain deep in the knee joint that may disappear after a few weeks, only to be replaced by a sudden weakness in the knee (a condition called “buckling knee”) that causes a person to unexpectedly fall while walking. These quadriceps trigger points are very prominent in sporting activities that require a lot of running, like soccer, basketball, football, and track and field.
Over time, chronic trigger point activity in this muscle may cause damage to the knee joint itself, so regular treatment of these trigger points becomes very important for clients with knee pain complaints. Function: In everyday life, the quadricep muscle group as a whole functions to allow a person to squat, bend backwards, walk up or down stairs, and move from a standing to a seated position (or vice-versa). These muscles are not active while standing with the knees locked, but become active during the heel-strike and toe-off phases of walking and running. Treatment of the Quadriceps Trigger Points
Effective treatment for knee pain complaints requires the therapist to locate and release the trigger points in the vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, and vastus medialis.